chagane is a four-stringed instrument (photo 26) that
was used in Azerbaijan up until the end of : the 19th
century. The Russian artist G. Gagarin, who visited
Azerbaijan in the first half of 19th century, depicted
the chagane in his work "Shamaha Dancers".
about this instrument appears in the works of Gatran
Tabrizi, Imadaddin Nasimi, Seyid Azim Shirvani and
many other classical poets. The chagane has a pear-shaped
body, a neck and a head. This reconstructed instrument
was presented at a scientific symposium in Edinburgh,
Scotland in 2000 and made a significant impression
on the participants at the symposium.
oblong body of the chagane consists of nine parts.
It is assembled from pieces of nut wood, sandalwood
and beech. The body and neck of the instrument are
connected with a long iron probe that goes from the
bottom part of the body and plays the role of a core.
The face of the body is covered with a five-mm-thick
sounding board made of pine. Resonator apertures are
bored through this board. During the performance,
the instrument is held in a vertical position, and
the probe rests on the floor. The sound is produced
with a bow that is held in the right hand.
total length of the instrument is 820 mm. The body
is 420 mm long, 220 mm wide and 140 mm tall. Its range
goes from the "fa sharp" of the great octave
to the "fa sharp" of the second octave.