State Museum of
chang is shaped much like a harp, with an arched form.
The chang's roots date back to antiquity, and it was
widespread during the Middle Ages. The earliest kinds
of chang were found in Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations.
The gentle, melodious sound of the chang beautified
Archeological excavations near the city of Barda,
one of the ancient cultural centers of Azerbaijan,
turned up fragments of a clay dish from the 4th-3rd
centuries B.C with an image of a woman playing the
medieval Azerbaijan, the chang had 1 8-24 strings.
A lot of information about the chang can be found
in the works of Azerbaijani classical poets, other
written sources and medieval miniature paintings.
This instrument, which was played mainly by women,
was described in Nizami's "Seven Beauties":
the chang in her hands, that beautiful angel
Told us about the torments she had suffered.
The chang's voice spread all over the place,
Its groaning drove all the lovers mad.
etymology of the word "chang" may be connected
to the words "to hold" or "to seize".
The chang's body takes the shape of an arch. Fish
skin is pulled over the open part of the face, and
the oblong neck is attached to the bottom part of
the body. The pegs are fastened to this part. The
strings are fastened on one end by metal loops that
are attached to the skin part of the body; on the
other end, they are wound up on wooden pegs.
The reconstructed chang has 30 silk and gut strings.
The total height of the instrument is 930 mm, the
height of the body is 850 mm, and the length of the
neck is 665 mm.
The chromatic scale of the chang consists of 30 steps;
the instrument ranges from the "sol" of
the small octave to the "ti" of the second
octave. The chang is played both as a solo instrument
and in ensembles.