The etchnic culture of Azerbaijan
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Sounding of instrument

The State
Museum of

The tutak has been a common shepherds' musical instrument since ancient times. It is a type of pipe (photo 19-22). Various types of tutak are spread throughout many countries. Both large and small versions of this instrument are used in Azerbaijan, mainly as solo instruments in ensembles and orchestras of national instruments. The tutak has a pleasant, soft timbre.

The cylindrical trunk is made of apricot, walnut, mulberry or reed. The trunk is 280-300 mm in length, and 20 mm in diameter. It has seven apertures on the front side and one on the back side. A wooden plug, which is cut slantwise, is inserted into the top end of the trunk. A crack of a certain size is left between the wooden plug and the wall of the body. Air is breathed out through this crack. By opening or closing apertures with the fingers of both hands, one can produce sounds of various pitches. The instrument's scale covers a diapason from the "ti" of the small octave to the "do" of the third octave.


Tutek of bamboo and wood
The State Museum of
Azerbaijani Musical Culture.
Cross Tutek of brass and
cross tutek of wood
The State Museum of
Azerbaijani Musical Culture.
Bird-like burbugs (clay)
(Gabala district)
Archeology and Ethnography Institute.


        © Musigi Dunyasi