Lazah is located on the northeast spurs of the Main
Caucasian Ridge (M.C.R.), at bottom of a high mountainous
plateau "Shah Yaylag" and on the highest alps "Shahdag"
- its height is 4242 m above the sea level (a.s.l.).
The habitation Lazah is located in a mountain hollow
in height 1300 m (a.s.l.), on the ancient caravan
ways across the passage of the Main Caucasian Ridge
(passage Kurve), leading to the Southwest and Northwest
spurs of the Big Caucasus. The Vicinity of the village
is very picturesque, numerous waterfalls flow down
from rocky walls. The village with the similar name
is located on this way to the Northwest part of M.C.R.,
in gorge of the river Damiraparanchaj in the area
Gabalah. As to the legend, ancestors of present inhabitants
of Lazah (Gusar area) moved there.
In the village live ethnic Lezghins, whose ancestors
were the legs, and whose history is connected to the
Caucasian Albania - one of the most ancient states
in the territory of Azerbaijan. As far back as antique
authors wrote about Caucasian-language tribes in the
northern part of Azerbaijan, among which the legs
are also mentioned, presumably, far ancestors of the
modern Lezghins. Historical researches of last time
localize the basic ethnic territory of the legs on
the left bank of the Samur, in modern southern Dagestan.
But during centuries there was a gradual movement
of a part of the Lezghin tribes to southern, foothill
and about Caspian zones. The Lezghins saved this tendency
down to XX century. It is important to note that the
historical destiny of the Lezghin people is closely
related to Azerbaijan and the Azerbaijani. As far
as in days of Arabian and Persian conquest, and also
in days of rather independent existence of separate
Azerbaijan state formations, the Lezghins entered
the same area with the Azerbaijanians and other peoples
nowadays occupying the country.
of the village live a usual life of high-mountainous
settlements, conduct housekeeping, and hold birds, large
horned and fine horned livestock. In summer they drive
away the herds on high-mountainous pastures "Shah Yaylag"
and "Shah Nabat". Inhabitants talk to each other in
the native Lezghin language. The Lezghin language concerns
to the Dagestan group of the Caucasian languages and
the rich spiritual culture of this people is created
They freely communicate with visitors in the Azerbaijan
language. Many middle-aged men speak Russian adequately.
Schoolboys study the English language since recently
has grown the stream of the foreign tourists making
ascensions on the highest plateaus and tops "Shahdag",
"Gizil Gaya", "Tufan", "Bazar-Duzu", etc.
The settlement consists of 26 houses, which about 130
inhabitants live in. There is a school with 4- year-education.